GATE Syllabus of Civil Engineering 2014
GATE stands for Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering and is one of the toughest exams in India that tests all the aspects of understanding of various undergraduate subjects in Engineering. It has been known for testing the engineering basics in a brisk way.It needs effort of mastering an entire course of engineering(30+ subjects). In GATE 2013, among the qualified ones, 72,125 people are of General category, 41,237 of OBC-NC category, 18,936 are of SC and 4,401 are of ST category.Out of the total candidates who registered for GATE 2013,only 82.02% attempted the exam and out of which 13.88% have qualified. Women comprised of 39.75% of the total registrants whereas men were 60.25%.
Civil Engineering is the oldest professional course which deals with the building, designing and maintaining, physically built environment including works like bridges, canals, roads, dams and buildings. It has been divided into several sub branches as- Geo-technical, Structural, Environmental, Transportation, Surveying, Coastal, Material and Construction Engineering. Civil Engineering has made its place at all levels. In public sector it has reached up to federal levels and in private sector from individual homeowners to international companies. It has lots of scope and opportunities in the private as well as public sector. Construction Industry is booming as there is tremendous growth in infrastructure development in various countries. Scope is also there in developing countries where infrastructure development is taking a toll and Indian engineers are in demand.
General Aptitude(GA)-Multiple choice test.
- This Paper Consists of Verbal Ability: English Grammar, Verbal Analogies, Instructions, Critical Reasoning and Verbal Deduction, Sentence Completion, Word Groups.
Engineering Mathematics- Branch of Applied Mathematics consists of mathematical methods and techniques that are typically used in industry and engineering.
- Linear Algebra: Branch of Mathematics which involves the study of operation and application to solve equations. It includes topics like- Systems of Linear Equations, Eigen Vectors and Eigen Values,Matrix Algebra.
- Calculus: It is mathematical study of change. It includes topics- Functions of Single Variable, Continuity, Limits and Differentiability, Mean Value Theorems, Evaluation of Improper and Definite Integrals, Total Derivatives, Partial Derivatives, Minima and Maxima, Curls, Divergence and Gradient, Vector Identities, Surface, Line and Volume Integrals, Directional Derivatives, Stokes, Green and Gauss Theorems.
- Differential equations: It deals with rate of change and slope of curves. It include topics-First Order Equations (Non Linear and Linear), Higher Order Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients, Euler’s and Cauchy’s Equations, Laplace Transforms, Solutions of One Dimensional Wave and Heat Equations and Laplace Equation, Initial and Boundary Value Problems.
- Complex variables: It comes under analysis of complex category. It includes topics- Cauchy’s Integral Theorem, Laurent And Taylor Series, Analytic Functions.
- Probability and Statistics: These are two different academic disciplines but are studied together. It includes topics-Definitions of Probability and Sampling Theorems, Mean, Mode, Median and Standard Deviation, Poisson, Binomial and Normal Distributions, Random Variables, Conditional Probability.
- Numerical Methods: Study of step by step procedures that use numerical approximations. It includes topics- Numerical Solutions of Non-Linear and Linear Algebraic Equations, Integration by Simpson’s and Trapezoidal’s rule, Multi-step and Single Methods for Differential Equations.
Structural Engineering-Branch of engineering that deals with study and plan of structures which supports or resist loads.
- Mechanics: Discipline of science and technology that deals with the reaction of physical bodies when subjected to force and its resulting effects. It includes topics-Bending Moment and Shear Force in Statically Determinate Beams. Simple Strain and Stress Relationship: Strain and Stress in Two Dimensions, Stress Transformation, Principal Stresses, Mohr’s Circle, Simple Bending Theory, Shear and Flexural Stresses, Shear Centre, Unsymmetrical Bending, Uniform Torsion, Thin Walled Pressure Vessels, Buckling of Column, Direct and Combined Bending Stresses.
- Structural Analysis:To find out the effects of load on physical structures and their components. It includes topics- Analysis of Statically Determinate Trusses, Beams, Arches, Cables and Frames, Displacements in Statically Determinate Structures and Analysis of Statically Indeterminate Structures by Energy/Force Methods influence, Lines for Indeterminate and Determinate Structures, Analysis by Displacement Methods (Moment Distribution and Slope Deflection Methods), Basic Concepts of Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis.
- Concrete Structures: High thermal concrete. It include topics-Concrete Technology- Basics of Mix Design, Properties of Concrete. Concrete Design- Basic Working Stress and Limit State Design Concepts, Analysis of Ultimate Load Capacity and Design of Members Subjected to Flexure, Compression, Shear and Torsion by Limit State Methods. Analysis of Beam Sections at Transfer and Service Loads, Basic Elements of Pre-stressed Concrete.
- Steel Structures: It deals with the steel construction material which is formed with a particular shape & certain standard of chemical composition. It includes topics- Analysis and Design of Compression and Tension Members, Beams and Beam- columns, Column Bases. Connections- Eccentric and Simple, Beam Column Connections, Plate Trusses and Girders. Plastic Analysis of Beams and Frames.
Geo-technical Engineering-It deals with the behavior of earth materials.
- Soil Mechanics:Three-Phase System, Soil Classification, Fundamental Definitions, Interrelationship And Relationships, Seepage & Permeability, Consolidation, Effective Stress Principle ,Compaction, Shear Strength.
- Foundation Engineering: It deals with the lowest and supporting layer of a structure. It includes topics-Sub-Surface Investigations- Scope, Drilling Bore Holes, Penetration Tests, Sampling Plate Load Test. Earth Pressure Theories, Layered Soils, Effect of Water Table. Stability of Slopes- Finite Slopes, Foundation Types- Foundation Design Requirements. Shallow Foundations-Bearing Capacity, Effect Of Shape, Water Table And Other Factors, Stress Distribution, Settlement Analysis In Clays & Sands. Deep Foundations Pile Types, Static & Dynamic Formulae, Load Capacity of Piles in Sands & Clays, Negative Skin Friction.
Water Resources Engineering-It deals with accumulation and management of water as a natural resource.
- Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics:Study of fluids and forces on them & hydraulics deals with the mechanical characteristics of liquids. It includes topics-Properties of Fluids, Principle of Conservation of Momentum, Mass, Energy and Corresponding Equations, Applications of Momentum, Potential Flow and Bernoulli’s Equation, Turbulent and Laminar Flow, Pipe Networks, Flow in Pipes. Concept of Boundary Layer and its Growth. Critical Flow, Uniform Flow and Gradually Varied Flow in Channels, Hydraulic Jump, Specific Energy Concept. Forces on Immersed Bodies, Flow Measurements in Channels, Tanks and Pipes. Dimensional Analysis and Hydraulic Modeling. Kinematics of Flow, Specific Speed of Pumps and Turbines and Velocity Triangles.
- Hydrology: Detail Analysis of The Distribution, Movement and Quality of Water on Earth and on Other Planets. It includes topics- Hydrologic Cycle, Evaporation, Rainfall, Infiltration, Stage Discharge Relationships, Unit Hydrographs, Reservoir Capacity, Flood Estimation, Reservoir and Channel Routing, Well Hydraulics.
- Irrigation:Application of Water to Land & Soil In An Artificial Manner. It includes topics- Delta, Duty, Estimation of Evaporation-Transpiration. Crop Water Requirements. Design of: Unlined And Lined Canals, Head Works, Waterways, Gravity Dams and Spillways. Design of Weirs on Permeable Foundation. Types of Irrigation System. Water Logging and Drainage, Irrigation Methods, Sodic Soils.
Environmental Engineering- Application of science and engineering principles in order to enhance the natural environment.
- Water requirements: Need of water for various purposes. It includes topics-Quality Standards, Basic Unit Operations and Processes for Water Treatment. Drinking Water Standards, Basic Unit Operations and Unit Processes for Surface Water Treatment, Distribution of Water, Water Requirements. Sewage and Sewerage Treatment, Characteristics and Quantity of Waste water. Secondary, Primary and Tertiary Treatment of Waste water, Effluent Discharge Standards, Sludge Disposal. Domestic Waste water Treatment, Quantity of Characteristics of Domestic Waste water, Secondary and Primary Treatment Unit Operations and Unit Processes Of Domestic Waste water, Sludge Disposal.
- Air Pollution: Introduction of particulate matter into the air to pollute it. It includes topics-Types of Pollutants, their impacts and sources, Air Pollution Meteorology, Air Quality Standards and Limits, Air Pollution Control.
- Municipal Solid Wastes: Waste or garbage that consists of everyday discarded materials. It includes topics- Generation, Characteristics, Collection and Transportation of Solid Wastes, Engineered Systems for Solid Waste Management (Recycle/ Reuse, Treatment, Energy Recovery and Disposal).
- Noise Pollution: Excess noise that creates disturbance in the activities of human or animal life. It includes topics- Permissible Limits of Noise Pollution, Impacts of Noise, Measurement of Noise and Control of Noise Pollution.
Transportation Engineering-Technology and scientific principles are used for the planning, design etc. for transportation.
- Highway Planning: It gives the estimate of recent and future traffic volumes on a road network. It includes topics- Geometric Design of Highways, Specification and Testing of Paving Materials, Design of Rigid and Flexible Pavements.
- Traffic Engineering: It deals with complex interactions with multiple vehicle lanes, bike lanes etc. It includes topics-Theory of Traffic Flow, Traffic Characteristics, Intersection Design, Traffic Signs and Signal Design, Highway Capacity.
Surveying- Techniques to find out exactly the terrestrial and 3D position of points & distances and angles between them.
- Importance of Surveying, Classification and Principles, Mapping Concepts, Map Projections, Coordinate System, Measurements of Direction and Distance, Theodolite Traversing, Leveling, Plane Table Surveying, Errors and Adjustments, Curves.
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