Advantages and Disadvantages of Semester System in Education

Jun 1 • Opinion • 68915 Views • 54 Comments on Advantages and Disadvantages of Semester System in Education

Universities play a vital and critical role in the development and evolution of societies. These universities generate new ideas, encourage innovation, educate young minds and create awareness and dynamic citizens in the country. The University Grants Commission (UGC) set up a committee for university reforms which emphasized the importance of interdisciplinary, a broader background for undergraduate education, a uniform semester and credit system, a science-technology interface, the importance of enhancing skills in mathematics and languages and changes in the regulatory regimes. Hence, Delhi University introduced the “Semester System” to change the structure which will bring quantum leap in the teaching, research and innovation.

advantages and disvantages of Semester system in Education

Semester system: Pros and Cons

The university committee wants to improve the learning processes to benefit the students so they have introduced semester system rather than remaining with the annual system to enhance value to the students. This semester system is beneficial for number of reasons. There may be various advantages and disadvantages of semester system in education. Let’s discuss it in detail:

  • It will provide an opportunity to students for continuous learning and assessment/feedback and a better paced understanding of the subject. There will more focused class interaction because of continuous engagement between students and teachers. This will provide regular study habits among students. The main advantage is that the performance would not be judged at the end of one year rather conducting examinations twice a year will help in regularly evaluating the student progress. The examination study load of the students shall be halved since they would be required to prepare half of the content as they are currently required to prepare for the final examination. As a result it would enable a more in-depth study and understanding of their concerned subjects.
  • Interdisciplinary would play an important role in the way subjects are being conceptualized and knowledge integrated across diverse disciplines. Semester system would facilitate the possibility of undergraduate students imbibing relevant knowledge and skills that are not contained within the disciplinary boundaries of their primary subject areas. A semester system allows greater freedom and scope for designing and delivering a variety of courses that the students can pick flexibly to enhance the quality of their learning.
  • The current situation of University of Delhi is inflexible in terms of accumulation of credits which would allow movement of students across universities in India and abroad. Students from other countries who come on short term ‘Study Abroad’ programs to Delhi University are awarded credits by their universities for studying but the same is not given by our university. Therefore, introducing a semester system will allow greater exposure to those of the students who get the opportunity to study elsewhere.
  • Adopting a semester system at the undergraduate level will lead to a harmonization with the changes made at the postgraduate level as well as with undergraduate courses that are already being run in a semester system.

Some students have accepted the proposal of introducing the semester system and have a number of reasons in support of it. While some feel that the semester system will lighten the examination load since they would not be confronted with vast syllabus as in the annual examinations. In comparison with the annual system, students perceived the semester system to be favorable and continuous learning and evaluation with a better focus on the program they have opted for.

Some students and teachers are not completely in favor of the new system and feel semester system will create many unwanted challenges for the students. Some felt that the success of the semester system being closely related to adequate time available while others felt that it would overburden them. Some students were under the feeling that the system of examination would become an internal one which would lead to a lack of uniform standards. Anxiety about the less time for extracurricular activities was also spoken.

Some of the drawbacks of the semester system are as follows:

  • Inadequacy of Time:

The classes under the semester system starts on July and the admission keeps on going till August, which adversely affect the proper starting of the classes. When there is no clarity in the system it have been decided that the first semester exam would be held in December. A vacation of 20-25 days before the exams implies that neither the teachers have enough time to complete the course nor the students have adequate time to prepare well for the first semester exam.  While teachers in Delhi University reveal that in annual examination system, teachers have the right amount of time to complete the course and students have enough time to prepare well for the exam.

  • Increasing Work Load:

The Delhi University has many departments and colleges. The declaration of result in every 6 months would double the work load of departments since semester exam implies more revaluation and on right time the declaration of results.

  • No extra classes:

The new OBC quota and the existing quota for SC/ST and physically challenged students who have reserved category need special attention. The compulsory part of the yearly examination mode is to have extra classes but due to time scarcity in the semester system it is difficult to conduct extra classes. As a result, nearly 50% students of DU will suffer due to the new system.

  • Reduction in Co-curricular Activities:

Earlier in the yearly examination system, students had ample time to participate in the co-curricular activities which is an essential part for the students overall development. On the contrary, in the semester examination system, very few cultural activities have been organized for the students. As a result students interested in participating in these programs will have to miss their classes and no relaxation has been provided by the university on attendance.

Both Students and Teachers believes that the Semester system effect the students and is not beneficial for them for their development. The syllabus of the semester system as resulted in the deletion of some of the important topics and chapters which are very important and vital to enhance the nature of knowledge of the student to learn.

By all theses pros and cons it has been seen that little thought have been done on the balancing the requirement of access, equity and quality. The semester system is seen by all perspective by different people and has different opinions of their own. Can this system turn out to be a lesson for the universities or of a beneficial interest in the investment of higher education?

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54 Responses to Advantages and Disadvantages of Semester System in Education

  1. bb says:
  2. bb says:
  3. bb says:
  4. Arun Kumar Shrestha says:

    How the semester system in university level support the student education?

  5. nabraj says:

    why Semester system is importance in nepal

  6. Amarjit kataky says:

    disadvantages of semester system .

  7. Anonymous says:
  8. umarzada says:

    Advantage and disadvantages of samester system

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  26. Takengammeng says:

    Advantagrs of semester system

  27. Anonymous says:
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  29. ankush says:

    Disadvantage of semester system

  30. ankush says:

    Disadvantage of semester system

  31. ankush says:

    Disadvantage of semester system

  32. ankush says:

    Disadvantage of semester system

  33. ankush says:

    Disadvantage of semester system

  34. Anonymous says:
  35. Nayan moni Das says:

    Is semester and choice based credit system same.

  36. Mindlogicx says:

    Thanks for your Insights. In my point of view Right Exam Management System makes managing the examination process in any education institute convenient and straightforward.

  37. Rohit kumar says:

    What will happen if I fail in first three semester of graduation?

  38. jeevitha says:


  39. akhilesh says:

    can I go in second semester if I fail in two papers in first semester?

  40. Jimil Patel says:

    How to win the audience when speaking of any topic in a debate?

  41. lalendra kumar yadav says:

    what are the advantages and disadvantages of semester system

  42. shah rukh khan says:

    i need the literature review of annual and semester system

  43. Muhammad Azhar says:

    i need some articles related advantages and disadvantages semester system separate questionnaire.

  44. Anonymous says:

    I did not appear for II paper in my 3rdsem because of my illness but univesity officials not allowing me to appear for it along with my 4thsem and they said that I should appear for IIIpaper in the coming 1st sem exams… if it is so I am losing 1year of my time and I would lose distinction… plz help me to deal with it…

  45. Narayan bhattarai says:

    merits and demerits of both semester and annual syatem

  46. mir hossain says:


  47. Dr. Bhupendra Talukdar says:

    This system is not suitable for ug Colleges specially Arts Colleges

  48. Ghayasuddin says:

    please send me 80 question about draw back of semester system

  49. Abdul sami says:

    Need help in making of project. The topic is Semester system vs Annual system.

  50. BHarti PaNdey says:

    Semester system will surely helpful to the students as it would relieve the students from extra load of Examination…As they would be totally aware about it…

  51. Ronak Garg says:

    In this changing scenario of education field students have many other interests along with their studies which generally doesn’t flourish due to lack of time and hectic curriculum. So, this new semester system will really help students in reviving their lost interests.

  52. abhijeet basak says:

    Exams are never welcomed by the students. But it surely helps in having knowledge about the courses which we are presently studying. Although it is not fully responsible in judging students caliber but helpful in many other ways as how one uses their time in their life

  53. patlakshi says:

    Exams are never welcomed by the students. But it surely helps in having knowledge about the courses which we are presently studying. Although it is not fully responsible in judging students caliber but helpful in many other ways as how one uses their time in their life .

  54. roshani mishra says:


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