Important Questions of Transformer

Jan 10 • Notes • 58827 Views • 77 Comments on Important Questions of Transformer

Transformer is an electrical device that makes the transfer of energy by forming inductive coupling between the winding of its circuits. Transformers are basically of two type’s i.e; Step up transformer and step down transformer. Sue the varying current flowing through the primary winding creates a magnetic flux inside the core of the transformer and in secondary winding. A varying emf is produced in the secondary winding as a result of magnetic flux. The major usage of transformer is to either to vary relative voltage of the circuit or isolate it. Here in this post we have tried to made available Important Questions of Transformer explaining its working principle, its types, applications and uses in detail in order to explain related doubts.

Important Questions of Transformer

Q.1 Define Transformer? Explain its working.

Ans. It is a device which is used to transform electrical energy from one circuit to another circuit. It has two winding one is primary and another is secondary. Winding connected to source is primary winding and to load side is sec. winding. Both are magnetic coupled and wound on a common magnetic core.

Transformer

Working of Transformer

Transformation takes place on the basis of Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction & the flux link with primary and secondary winding is known as mutual flux. And is responsible for transformation of energy. AC Voltage source is connected to primary winding & load is to the secondary winding.

Q.2 Explain the elementary theory of Ideal Transformer?

Ans. Ideal Transformer does not exist in real, only it help us to understand the basic concept of practical transformer. Under the following assumption Ideal Transformer can be treated as Practical Transformer.

  • The resistance of Transformer windings are Zero. Hence copper losses (I2R) are zero and windings are purely inductive.
  • Hysteresis losses & eddy current losses are zero.
  • No leakage in transformer.

Q.3 Explain Core type Transformer?

Ans. It has a single magnetic core and two leg or limbs. First of all some part of low voltage winding (lv) is wound around the 2 limbs after that some part of high voltage (hv) winding is wound over lv winding.after that again lv is winding is wrapped over hv and so on. Both are wrapped over each other. Hence various section lv are connected in series and various section hv are also connected in series. Both are insulated by mica, paper etc.

Q. 4 Explain Shell type Transformer?

Ans. It has a double magnetic circuit and 3 limbs but winding will be wrapped around the central limb. First of all lv is wound around central limb then hv will wrapped then again lv and so on. In thus winding don’t overlap each other but they are of disc type. Hence hv is sand-witched between 2 lv winding.

Q.5 Define Step up & Step down Transformer?

Ans. Step Up: This transformer is used to boost up the voltage level from primary winding to the secondary winding.
Step Down: This transformer is used to reduce the voltage level from primary winding to the secondary winding.

Q.6 Explain the working of tank and other accessories like terminal, bushing, conservator and breather?

  • Tank:It filled with insulating oil which provide cooling to both winding and insulation to transformer assembly
  • Terminal and Bushing: The winding of transformer is brought outside and covered with the procelain bushings.
  • Conservator: It permits the expansion of oil and keep the main transformer full of oil. It is placed over tank.
  • Breather: It is placed over the conservator.It allow to pass the gasses in atmosphere which is produces in the tank. It consist of silica gel to prevent moisture enter inside the tank.

Q.7 Define Transformation Ratio?

Ans. It is the ratio of sec. voltage to the primary voltage. Denoted by k.
For Ideal transformer: k = N2/N1 = V2/V1 = I1/I2

Q.8 Why the core of Transformer is laminated?

Ans. To reduce eddy current loss. They are made up of thin laminated sheet & are insulated from each other. Finally the solid structure is pressed to remove presence of air gap.

Q.9 Explain the effect of cooling?

Ans. To control the temp. of transformer we use some cooling mechanism like cooling fins. It is attached with tank to prevent the harmful effect of excessive temp.

Q.10 Explain auto and audio transformer?

Ans. It is smaller, lighter, cheaper as compare to dual winding transformer. In this single winding act as primary & sec. winding. It does not provide electrical isolation.

You may also like to visit Transformer Related Interview Question in pdf form.

Related Links:

We hope that the set of questions provided here would definitely help you somehow . We would really appreciate if you give us your valuable feedback.

Tell us Your Queries, Suggestions and Feedback

Your email address will not be published.

77 Responses to Important Questions of Transformer

  1. Debankan Bagchi says:

    diploma in electrical engineering

    • Anonymous says:

      it is also electrical engg. but its parts are 4th sem in mechanical engg.name is principle of electrical engineering ..

  2. Debankan Bagchi says:

    diploma in electrical engineering

  3. Debankan Bagchi says:

    diploma in electrical engineering

  4. Anonymous says:
  5. mark wanyama says:

    Enter your any educationalist query or doubt

  6. dinesh patel says:

    Diploma in electrical eng.

  7. Jashan dhanoa says:
  8. Prasad Jaysing Yadav says:
  9. Prasad Jaysing Yadav says:
  10. Prasad Jaysing Yadav says:
  11. ADITYA MAGOTRA says:

    I WANT TO STUDY FOR JE

  12. Alekjandar says:

    about engine how to start self
    2. motor about ditels

  13. Anonymous says:
  14. manohar says:

    Electrical objective questions

  15. manohar says:
  16. manohar says:
  17. satish kushwah says:
  18. rashad says:
  19. raglant says:
  20. Anonymous says:
  21. Gagan Patel says:

    A.T.U

  22. Anonymous says:
  23. ankit Kumar says:

    Diploma in electrical

  24. Rajkumar says:

    Transformers operations

  25. Anonymous says:
  26. Anonymous says:
  27. anutejaswi says:

    if we give less voltage than the original voltage,how the transformers are working?

  28. Mukesh kumar says:

    Transfer mar ka karya

  29. Waqas Ansar says:

    nill

  30. Waqas Ansar says:
  31. Anonymous says:
  32. Anonymous says:
  33. Desmond Ugira says:

    Advance level

  34. preetam says:

    b.tech

  35. Ratul Ghosh says:

    transformer

  36. sneha says:
  37. sneha says:
  38. Rishiraj Singh says:

    How I am know diff type of cable

  39. Anonymous says:
  40. pintu singh says:

    I want a PDF file of interview question answer on transformer

  41. Anonymous says:

    B tech

  42. Anonymous says:
  43. amrat singh says:

    Polytechnic diploma with electrical engineer

  44. Hiralal Yadav says:

    Engineering in electronics and communication.

  45. SANCHAY BAJPAI says:
  46. SANCHAY BAJPAI says:
  47. SANCHAY BAJPAI says:
  48. amar jyoti das says:

    want to onow about electrical engineering diplma related topics

  49. amar jyoti das says:

    want to onow about electrical engineering diplma related topics

  50. Imtiyaz Rasool Naikoo says:

    How power is increased during stepping of a transformer

  51. Boateng Daaniel Fosu says:
  52. Anonymous says:
  53. Anonymous says:
  54. Hannington Onyango says:

    Certificate course

  55. Hannington Onyango says:
  56. Baraka Daniel Katana says:

    Past papers knec in diploma in electrical

  57. sukanya bhuyan says:

    frquently asked question in distribution companies

  58. vikash says:

    transformer
    motor
    and generator

  59. vikash says:

    transformer
    motor
    and generator

  60. vikash says:
  61. jayiee says:

    how to prepare for AE exams ? please send me some materials,if available.

  62. Ramkumar says:

    Electrical Engineer

  63. PRAKASH KUMAR says:

    Question asked in the interview of transformer based company

  64. Patrick Amos Mayage says:

    Technician in electrical and electronic engineering

  65. ANKIT MUKHERJEE says:

    Please provide the Interview queations of transformer

  66. arifa says:

    Important questions in basic electrical engineering for 1 year 2 sem of Engineering

  67. Acheampong Louis says:

    Transformers and electrical machines
    Basic electronics
    Calculus

  68. Sami Ulla Nasir says:

    What are experts guidelines for people living near high voltage transmission lines?

  69. Sheik Mohammad Zaheem says:

    As I am appearing for the Gate 2017, I need a suggestion so that I can just clear the exam.

  70. Achintya Kumar Barai says:

    Question answer for interview of Sub Assistant Engineer about transformer

  71. dilip kumar says:

    my sail interview( OCT) held on 3rd march!!! pls help me!!

  72. Blessing says:

    i need notes on transformer there explanation and questions and answers.

  73. SOURAV MUKHERJEE says:

    alternator and induction generator both are ac generator … so why we not use induction generator in power plant ?

  74. Shiwani Sharma says:

    Very knowledge giving section which clear many doubts on transformer.

  75. Pallavi sinha says:

    to know detail abt and wan to increase ur knowledge regarding transformer go thru this article………..

  76. patlakshi says:

    These are few questions of transformer which could make your concept very clear regarding this subject.

« »