# Latest VITEEE Syllabus with PDF

VITEEE is an Online Exam consists of MCQ type questions which allows students to take an admission into various B.Tech Degree Programs offered by Vellore Institute Of Technology. It is a National Level Exam where students from all over the country as well as Non Resident Indian can apply for this exam.

**Eligibility Criteria:-**

Candidates who have completed their 10+2 or equivalent examination with minimum 60% marks from a recognized university with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or Biology (PCM / PCB) are eligible for this exam.

**VITEEE Exam Pattern and Format :-**

**Total no. of Questions:** 120

**Duration:** 2 hours 30 minutes

**Correct attempt: **1 mark for each correct answer.

**Incorrect attempt: **There is no negative marking for wrong answers.

Subjects | Total No. of Questions | Time Duration |

PART-I – Physics | 40 | 50 min |

PART-II – Chemistry | 40 | 50 min |

PART-III – Mathematics or Biology | 40 | 50 min |

**VITEEE SYLLABUS :-**

**I. PHYSICS :**

**Units & Measurement**

- Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
- Dimensional Analysis
- Precision and significant figures
- Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc.)

**Kinematics**

- Properties of vectors
- Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
- Motion with constant acceleration
- Projectile motion
- Uniform circular motion
- Relative motion

**Newton’s Laws of Motion**

- Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
- Motion on an inclined plane
- Motion of blocks with pulley systems
- Circular motion – centripetal force
- Inertial and non-inertial frame

**Impulse and Momentum**

- Definition of impulse and momentum
- Conservation of momentum
- Collisions
- Momentum of a system of particles
- Center of mass

**Work and Energy**

- Work done by a force
- Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
- Power
- Conservative forces and potential energy
- Conservation of mechanical energy

**Rotational Motion**

- Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration)
- Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
- Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy 6.4 Torque and angular momentum
- Conservation of angular momentum

**Gravitation**

- Newton’s law of gravitation
- Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
- Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion

**Mechanics of Solids and Fluids**

- Elasticity
- Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
- Viscosity and Surface Tension
- Bernoulli’s theorem

**Oscillations**

- Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
- Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
- Forced & damped oscillations, resonance

**Waves**

- Progressive sinusoidal waves
- Standing waves in strings and pipes
- Superposition of waves beats

**Heat and Thermodynamics**

- Kinetic theory of gases
- Thermal equilibrium and temperature
- Specific heat
- Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics

**Electrostatics**

- Coulomb’s law
- Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
- Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
- Gauss’ law and its applications
- Electric dipole
- Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)

**Current Electricity**

- Ohm’s law, Joule heating
- D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge,
- Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity)

**Magnetic Effect of Current**

- Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
- Ampere’s law and its applications
- Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
- Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

**Electromagnetic Induction**

- Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
- Self and mutual inductance
- Transformers and generators
- Alternating current (peak and rms value)
- AC circuits, LCR circuits

**Optics**

- Laws of reflection and refraction
- Lenses and mirrors
- Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
- Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment
- Interference in thin films
- Diffraction due to a single slit
- Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum
- Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law

**Modern Physics**

- Dual nature of light and matter– Photoelectric effect. De Broglie wavelength
- Atomic models– Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model
- Hydrogen atom spectrum
- Radioactivity
- Nuclear reactions: Fission and fusion, binding energy

**Click here to download PDF: VITEEE Syllabus for PHYSICS**

**II. CHEMISTRY: **

**States of Matter**

- Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
- Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
- Gaseous state: Kinetic theory – Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
- Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
- Solid state: Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond & graphite, metals. Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids – qualitative description.

**Atomic Structure**

- Introduction: Subatomic particles; Rutherford’s picture of atom; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model.
- Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum number.
- Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule.
- Periodicity: Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy, atomic and ionic radii, electron affinity, and valency.
- Nucleus: Natural and artificial radioactivity; Nuclear reactions, Artificial transmutation of elements.

**Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure**

- Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle
- Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
- Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s & p orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species.
- Metallic Bond: Qualitative description.
- Intermolecular Forces: Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.

**Thermodynamics**

- Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
- First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities; Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law.
- Second and Third Laws: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change and chemical equilibrium; Third Law and Absolute Entropies.

**Physical and Chemical Equilibria**

- Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
- Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass.
- Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas), Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm.
- Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Le-Chatelier’s principle.
- Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; Ionization of Water; pH; Buffer solutions; Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
- Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of DG and DG0 in Chemical Equilibria.

**Electrochemistry**

- Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Concentration cells; Secondary cells; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
- Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific, equivalent and molar conductivities; Kolhrausch’s Law and its application, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al, C12, & F2

**Chemical Kinetics**

- Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order of reaction; Integrated rate expressions for zero and first order reactions; Half-life; Determination of rate constant and order of reaction
- Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Temperature dependence of rate constant; Activation energy; Catalysis, Surface catalysis, enzymes, zeolites; Factors affecting rate of collisions between molecules; Effect of light.
- Mechanism of Reaction: Elementary reactions; Complex reactions; Reactions involving two/three steps only; Photochemical reactions; Concept of fast reactions.
- Radioactive isotopes: Half-life period; Radiochemical dating.

**Hydrogen and s-block elements**

- Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Di hydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Hard and soft water; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide.
- s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal relationships.
- Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens and liquid ammonia; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
- Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with non-metals; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4; Lime and limestone, cement.

***p- d- and f-block elements**

- General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; Extraction and refining of metals.
- Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides. Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;
- Group 14 elements: Carbon: Uses, Allotropes (graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Silica, silicates, silicones; Tin and lead: Extraction, halides and oxides.

**Click here to download PDF: VITEEE Syllabus for CHEMISTRY**

**III. MATHEMATICS: **

**Algebra**

- Complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, roots of complex numbers, geometric interpretations.
- Theory of Quadratic equations, quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions, relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, equations reducible to quadratic equations.
- Logarithms and their properties.
- Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, arithmetic-geometric series, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.
- Exponential series.
- Permutations and combinations, Permutations as an arrangement and combination as selection, simple applications.
- Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients.
- Matrices and determinants of order two or three, properties and evaluation of determinants, addition and multiplication of matrices, adjoint and inverse of matrices, Solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.
- Sets, Relations and Functions, algebra of sets applications, equivalence relations, mappings, one-one, into and onto mappings, composition of mappings.
- Mathematical Induction
- Linear Inequalities, solution of linear inequalities in one and two variables.

**Trigonometry**

- Trigonometric ratios, functions and identities.
- Solution of trigonometric equations.
- Properties of triangles and solutions of triangles
- Inverse trigonometric functions
- Heights and distances

**Two-dimensional Coordinate Geometry**

- Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin.
- Straight lines and pair of straight lines: Equation of straight lines in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrent lines.
- Circles and family of circles : Equation of circle in various form, equation of tangent, normal & chords, parametric equations of a circle , intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of circle through point of intersection of two circles, conditions for two intersecting circles to be orthogonal.
- Conic sections: parabola, ellipse and hyperbola their eccentricity, directrices & foci, parametric forms, equations of tangent & normal, conditions for y=mx+c to be a tangent and point of tangency.

**Three dimensional Coordinate Geometry**

- Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space and skew lines.
- Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given
- Equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane, condition for co planarity of three lines.

**Differential calculus**

- Domain and range of a real valued function, Limits and Continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiability.
- Derivative of different types of functions (polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, implicit functions), derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule.
- Geometric interpretation of derivative, Tangents and Normal.
- Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of a function.
- Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem and Intermediate Value Theorem.

**Integral calculus**

- Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions.
- Methods of integration: Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, and integration by trigonometric identities.
- Definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus and its applications.
- Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas of regions bounded by simple curves.

**Ordinary Differential Equations**

- Variables separable method.
- Solution of homogeneous differential equations.
- Linear first order differential equations

**Probability**

- Addition and multiplication rules of probability.
- Conditional probability
- Independent events
- Discrete random variables and distributions

**Vectors**

- Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication.
- Dot and cross products of two vectors.
- Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations

**Statistics**

- Measures of dispersion
- Measures of skewness and Central Tendency

**Linear Programming**

- Formulation of linear Programming
- Solution of linear Programming, using graphical method.

**Click here to download PDF: VITEEE Syllabus for MATHEMATICS**

**IV. BIOLOGY: **

**Taxonomy**

- Linnaean system of classification and Binomial nomenclature;
- History and types of classification; status of bacteria and viruses;
- Classification of angiosperms up to sub-class level (Bentham and Hooker’ systems);
- Salient features of non-chordates up to phylum levels and chordates up to class levels.

**Evolution**

- Modern concepts of organic evolution, evidences of organic evolution (Fossil records and biochemical evidences).
- Darwinism and neo – Darwinism, Lamarckism, Neo-Lamarckism, sources of variation, mutation, recombination, genetic drift, migration, natural selection.
- Origin and concepts of species:
- Speciation and isolation (geographical pre-mating and post-mating or post zygotic), adaptive radiations.

**Cell and Molecular Biology**

- Discovery of cell, cell as a contained unit, pro and eukaryotic cells and its ultra structure.
- Cell division: amitosis, mitosis and meiosis.
- The cell: cell wall, cell membrane and cell organelles (Plastids, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, ribosomes, lysosomes, vacuoles, and centrioles)
- DNA and RNA, DNA as genetic material, RNA as genetic material replication, transcription, genetic code, translation, gene expression and regulation, protein synthesis, DNA repair.

**Reproduction and genetics**

- Reproduction in organisms: asexual and sexual reproduction, sexual reproduction in flowering plants, structure of flowers, pollination , fertilization, development of seeds and fruits, apomixes, and polyembryony
- Human reproduction: reproductive system in male and female, menstrual cycles, production of gametes, fertilization, implantation, embryo development, pregnancy, parturition and lactation. Sex determination in human, XX and XY
- Chromosomes: structure and types, genes and genomes, linkage and crossing over, recombination of chromosomes, mutation, chromosomal aberration, Mendelian inheritance, chromosomal theory of inheritance, deviation from Mendelian ratio (gene interaction, incomplete dominance, co-dominance, complimentary gene, multiple allelism), chromosomal disorders in humans. Microbiology and Immunology.
- Introduction to microbial diversity, history of medical microbiology, discovery of antibiotics, pasteurization, microscopes. Fungi, bacteria, virus, protozoa, algae – beneficial and harmful. Parasites and pathogens. Structure of microbes and diseases caused by them.. Microbes in households, food processing, industrial production of microbial products, Sewage treatment, waste management, and
- energy generation. Basic concepts of immunology: Innate and humoral immunity, lymphoid organs, lymph nodes and spleen, antibodies, vaccines, transplantation immunology, immune system disorders.

**Biochemistry**

- Structure and function of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins.
- Disaccharide, starch, glycogen, fats, cholesterol, amino acids, peptides.
- Primary, Secondary and tertiary structure of proteins.
- Enzymes, structure and mechanism of enzyme catalysis, specificity of enzymes, co factors an co-enzymes.

**Physiology: Plant and Human**

- Plant Physiology: Movement of water, food, nutrients, gases and minerals. Respiration, photosynthesis (light and dark reactions), Factors affecting photosynthesis, electron transport chain (ETC), glycolysis, Krebs’s cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, hormones and growth regulators, Photo-periodism and vernalization.
- Human Physiology: Digestion and absorption, breathing and respiration, body fluids and circulation, excretory system, endocrine system, nervous system, skeletal and muscular systems: locomotion, and movement, growth, aging and death. Hormones; types of hormones and its functions.

**Biotechnology and its applications**

- Recombinant DNA technology, applications in health, agriculture and industries;
- Genetically modified organisms;
- Bio-safety issues, insulin and But cotton, transgenic plants and microbes, plant tissue culture and its application, micro propagation, protoplasmic fusions, single cell proteins, biotechnology products in animal sciences and dairy.

**Biodiversity, ecology, and environment**

- Ecosystems: components, types, and energy flow in ecosystem;
- Species, population and community, ecological adaptations, centers of diversity and conservation of bio-diversity, botanical gardens, national parks, sanctuaries and museums, environmental issues, human population explosion, green house effects, ozone layer depletion,
- Government and Non-government agencies handling environmental issues: poverty and freshwater crisis, and management.

**Applied biology and human welfare**

- Bio-pesticides, genetically modified foods, bio-war, bio-piracy, bio-pattern, sustainable agriculture and medicinal plants, economic important plants (food crops, oil seeds, fiber yielding, sugar crops and timber yielding), bio-pharming, pesticides, organic agriculture.
- Population and birth control, contraception and MTP, sexually transmitted diseases, infertility, cancer and AIDS. Adolescence and drug/or alcohol abuse.

**Advanced Biology**

- Plant and human genome projects,
- DNA fingerprinting and its applications,
- Bioinformatics and its applications,
- DNA sequencing and protein structure and biological databases.

**Click here to download PDF:** **VITEEE Syllabus for BIOLOGY**

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