Wildlife at a glance:
Threat encompassing the wildlife:-
In today’s ecological condition,conserving wildlife/environment is becoming difficult day by day.Conserving wildlife/environment faces challenges because of the industrial revolution at each and every step.Extinction of wildlife is a natural phenomenon but the greatest threat to them comes from the activities of man and thus,conserving wildlife from man is the major task.So we ourselves have created the need for conservation of wildlife. Conserving wildlife/environment can be viewed from several angles such as, beauty,economic value, scientific values for research and values for snivel. The main causes of extinction of wild lives are poaching, enumerable animals and birds are hunted for meat, skin, ivory, horns etc. ruthlessly.
Factors Responsible for Carelessness:-
1.Increased real estate activities.
2.Establishing factories/industries nearby national parks or wildlife centuries.
3.No proper laws are presented.
4.If laws are there,they are not enacted effectively.
5.People should change their outlook towards conserving wildlife/environment.
What to do:-
- A conservation function – to contribute to the conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation.
- A development function – to foster economic and human development which is socio-culturally and ecologically sustainable.
- A logistic function – to provide support for research, monitoring, education and information exchange related to local, national and global issues of conservation and development (UNESCO, 2005).
Some of the important wildlife sanctuaries in India are:-
• Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh.
• Corbett National Park in Uttar Pradesh.
• Gir National Park & Sanctuary in Gujarat.
• Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh.
• Kaziranga National Park in Assam.
• Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala.
• Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan.
• Sunderbans National Park in West Bengal.
• Dachigam National Park in Jammu & Kashmir.
• Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam.
Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 :-
In 1972 by the Government of India. Prior to 1972, India only had five designated national parks. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or otherwise harvesting these species was largely outlawed.The Act provides for the protection of Wild animals,birds and plants and for matters connected therewith or ancillary or incidental thereto. It extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act. It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection, with absolute protection being provided under Schedule I and part II of schedule II with the highest penalties prescribed for offences under these schedules and Species listed in the Sch. IV are also protected but the penalties are much lower, with the enforcement authorities having the power to compound offences (as in they impose fines on the offenders).