Electronics is a major branch of electrical engineering, which is associated with electronic systems and circuits. Electronic engineers work in tandem with colleagues from other branches of engineering as well. Career prospects for such individuals are many, and they find easy employment in areas like defence, acoustics, telecomm industry, medicine, nanotechnology, robotics, and radio and satellite communication.
This field of engineering has several sub-fields like instrumentation, signal processing, control engineering, and telecommunications engineering. Engineers here have a plethora of jobs and duties to fulfil. Some of their most prominent tasks include:
1. Having a discussion regarding proposals with clients;
2. Working in tandem with colleagues in order to design circuits and devices, new systems, or developing existing technology;
3. Testing hypothetical designs;
4. Writing specifications and procedural reports;
5. Following the well-defined development processes;
6. Systematically refining the detailed design of a section of electronic equipment;
7. Ensuring that a product can be made again reliably, that it will work with devices developed by others, and will perform steadily in specified operating environments;
8. Creating accessible interfaces;
9. Ensuring that the safety regulations are met;
10. Preparing budgets and planning the projects;
11. Attending conferences with subcontractors;
12. Supervising the craftspeople, technicians, and other colleagues;
13. Keeping abreast with developments in regulations and technologies
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Job prospects to look out for
Electronics engineers find employment in a host of industries. Even though the degree leads to a very obvious career prospective – the electronics industry, there are several other possibilities, both in the engineering industry and outside of it.
1. Electronics engineer find employment in the automotive industry. They are responsible for dashboard indicators, engine control, safety systems, air-conditioning, info-tainment systems, and braking systems.
2. They can work at the system level in the defence industry. Such engineers are expected to use their mental prowess and apply electronic, electrical, and mechanical knowledge to the systems.
3. Design engineering and applications engineering are some other options which are highly lucrative. Engineers here can design a component or product prior to its launch or support a product for its entire life time.
4. Fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) industry employs electronics engineers too. The speciality of this sector is that it allows its technical staff to develop a broad engineering skill set rather than concentrating solely on electronic engineering issues.
5. Electronics engineers are expected to maintain the control and instrumentation plant objects, instruments, distributed control system (DCS), data networks, etc. in the power generation industry.
6. They are responsible for signalling of advanced railway control systems along with telecoms in the rail engineering sector.
7. The utilities sector is another employer of electronics engineers.
8. IT industry too employs such engineers. You will be glad to know that this industry is no more the exclusive turf of software engineers or computer scientists.
Considering the fast-paced growth of technology and the allied sectors, it is advisable for electronic engineering students to look beyond the obvious and think outside the box in terms of job opportunities. Looking at their inherent skill-set, such engineers are capable of gaining employment in a wide range of non-technical fields that depend on their analytical and solutions oriented training. Some examples of the same are:
4. Legal Practice;
6. Sales and pre-sales;
These are some of the areas where an electronics engineer can put his high levels of numeracy and analytical skills to good use.
Electrical engineers develop, design, supervise, and test the manufacturing of electrical equipment, such as radar and navigation systems, electric motors communications systems, and power generation equipment. They also develop and design electronic equipment, such as broadcast and communications systems—from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPS).
They have a tendency of working primarily in the research and development sectors, manufacturing, engineering service firms, and the federal government. Theirs is mostly a desk job; however, they may have to visit sites for observing and solving technical problems. A career in electronics engineering is highly respected in social circles. Jobs in the same are not very difficult to acquire, with leading conglomerates looking to hire talented individuals all the time.
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