Electromagnetic induction is one of the major portion of many subjects like physics, basic electrical and others. Many questions are asked in academic and competitive exam and even in interviews of many high profile companies. So it is required to have an in-depth knowledge of the same. So here are some very very important questions on electromagnetic induction and its applications with answers containing proper diagrams.
Q1: What do you mean by Electromagnetic induction ?
Ans: The finding that electric current can produce magnetic fields led to the idea that magnetic fields could produce electric currents. The production of emfs and currents by the changing magnetic field through a conducting loop is called magnetic induction.
Q2: State and explain Lenz’s law in relation with Electromagnetic Induction?
Ans: Lenz’s law infact describes that in order to produce an induced emf or induced current some external source of energy must be supplied otherwise no current will induce.
Lenz’s law states that-
“The direction of induced current is always such as to oppose the cause which produces it”.
|Consider a bar magnet and a coil of wire.|
|b. When the N-pole of the magnet is receding the face of the coil becomes a south pole due to a clockwise induced current to oppose the backward motion.|
Q3: State Faraday’s Law of EMI.
Ans: Faraday’s Law states that “When magnetic flux changes through a circuit, an emf is induced in it which lasts only as long as the change in the magnetic flux through the circuit continues”.
Quantitatively, induced emf is directly proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux through
the coil. i.e.
Average emf = -NDf/Dt
Where N = number of turns in the coil.
The negative sign indicates that the induced current is such that the magnetic field due to it opposes the magnetic flux producing it.
Q4: Depict/Draw diagrams showing Left hand and Right hand thumb rule showing directions of quantities in EMI.
Q5: What is the difference between Magnetic Field and Magnetic Flux?
Ans: A magnetic field is the area surrounding a magnet within which the effects of that field may be observed.
A magnetic field is represented by imaginary lines of force that we call magnetic flux. Magnetic flux is measured in webers; the intensity of the magnetic flux is called magnetic flux density which is defined as the flux per unit area, measured in webers per square metre, which is given the special name, the tesla.
Q6: Explain differences between Magnetic field and Electric field?
Ans:1. An electric field is a field of force, surrounding a charged particle, while a magnetic field is a field of force surrounding a permanent magnet, or a moving charged particle.
2. The strength of an electric field is expressed in Newtons per Coulomb, or Volts per meter, while a magnetic field strength is expressed in Gauss or Tesla.
3. The force of an electric field is proportional to the electric charge, while the magnetic field is proportional to the electric charge as well as the speed of the moving charge.
4. Electric and magnetic fields oscillate at right angles to one another.
Q7: Explain what is a transformer?
A transformer makes use of Faraday’s Law and the ferromagnetic properties of an iron core to efficiently raise or lower AC voltages. It of course cannot increase power so that if the voltage is raised, the current is proportionally lowered and vice versa.
Q8: Explain Eddy Currents.
Ans: An eddy current is a circular current that flows in a solid conductor, such as sheets of metal or rods. When a changing magnetic field is somehow applied to such a conductor, electromagnetic induction occurs. However, since the charges are not bounded by a narrow conductor, the currents flow in circles called eddy currents. The eddy current flows in a closed loop and acts like the current in a coil or solenoid that produces its own magnetic field.
Q9: Why is EMI regulated?
Ans: EMI is regulated to allow today’s sensitive equipment to function properly without suffering degradation in performance due to interference generated by the equipment itself as well as the interference generated by other electronic devices. The EMI spectrum is a limited natural resource that must be maintained to allow reliable radio frequency communications. The successful regulation of EMI interference will allow future electronic devices to operate as defined, in the intended environment, without suffering any degradation in performance due to interference, and without disrupting the performance of other equipment.
Q10: Explain differences between AC and DC.
|Alternating Current||Direct Current|
|Amount of energy that can be carried:||Safer to transfer over longer city distances and can provide more power||Voltage of DC cannot travel very far until it begins to lose energy|
|Flow ofElectrons:||Electrons keep switching directions- forward and backward||Electrons move steadily in one direction or ‘forward’|
|Cause of the direction of flow of electrons:||Rotating magnet along the wire||Steady magnetism along the wire|
|Frequency:||The frequency of alternating current is 50Hz or 60Hz depending upon the country.||The frequency of direct current is zero.|
|Direction:||It reverses its direction while flowing in a circuit||It flows in one direction in the circuit|
|Current:||It is the current of magnitude varying with time||It is the current of constant magnitude|
We hope that the set of questions provided here would definitely help you somehow . We would really appreciate if you give us your valuable feedback.
video: Electromagnetic Induction