How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017
Given Below are the important strategies for ” How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017″
The (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) GATE-2017 is conducted every year for engineering graduates by various IITs like IIT kanpur, IIT kharagpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IISC Bangalore IIT Madras. The GATE exam is conducted for engineering graduates entry to various Post graduates programs and also various PSUs select candidates based on their GATE score. This time IIT Roorkee will be conducting the GATE-2017 examination. The Exam will be held in the month of February-2017. The Dates of exam though tentative but have already been mentioned in the current notification given GATE authority. . The GATE Exam is conducted in Online Mode and all over India for Engineering and Science graduates. In this article we are providing a series of posts dedicated to preparation strategies for various branches in GATE -2017 examination .In addition, the Students of Electrical and Mechanical Branch can refer previous posts for strategies. This post is dedicated to the candidates appearing from Civil Branch.
The GATE Examination – 2017 is conducted every year in Twenty Three (23) branches and these branch codes as mentioned below- AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL.
Hence, In this posts we will be discussing important strategies and tips to crack GATE – 2017 from Civil Engineering Branch and How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017 . Furthermore, the Candidates with various correlated branches with Civil engineering have to appear GATE-2017 from Civil Engineering branch only.
First of all, Let us go through the Exam pattern of GATE Examination -2017 for Civil Branch. There will be total of 65 Questions of 100 marks and there will be Questions of 1 and 2 marks as notified in the notification. Furthermore, All questions are to be attempted in the stipulated time of 3 hours. In addition, there will also be the provision of negative marking i.e .33 mark for 1 mark questions and .66 mark for 2 marks questions respectively. Therefore the Given below is the exam pattern of GATE-2017 for Civil branch in the Tabular form-
GATE 2017 Exam Pattern for Civil Branch
Section No. of Question Marks per Question Total Marks
General Aptitude 15 1 15
& 50 1 & 2 85
Total 65 100
Note– There will also be the Numeric type questions. In such questions a candidate has to fill their responses in the given blank and no options will be provided for such questions. Around 25 to 40 marks are allotted for such questions. These questions carry no negative marking as per the notification.
GATE 2017 Exam Syllabus for Civil Branch
First of all, let us observe the Syllabus confined Civil Branch in How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017
Syllabus for Civil Engineering in How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017
Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.
Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations and variable separable method.
Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series, Residue theorem, solution integrals.
Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.
Numerical Methods: Solutions of non-linear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.
Transform Theory: Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform.
Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Stress and strain in two dimensions, principal stresses, stress transformation, Mohr’s circle. Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
Structural Analysis: Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods, analysis by displacement methods (slope deflection and moment distribution methods), influence lines for determinate and indeterminate structures. Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.
Concrete Structures: Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads.
Steel Structures: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam’column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames.
Soil Mechanics: Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, permeability & seepage, effective stress principle, consolidation, compaction, shear strength.
Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test. Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes. Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Shallow foundations-bearing capacity, effect of shape, water table and other factors, stress distribution, settlement analysis in sands & clays. Deep foundations pile types, dynamic & static formulae, load capacity of piles in sands & clays, negative skin friction.
Water resources engineering
Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics: Properties of fluids, principle of conservation of mass, momentum, energy and corresponding equations, potential flow, applications of momentum and Bernoulli’s equation, laminar and turbulent flow, flow in pipes, pipe networks. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.
Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics.
Irrigation: Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration. Crop water requirements. Design of: lined and unlined canals, waterways, head works, gravity dams and spillways. Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils.
How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017
Water requirements: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.
Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.
Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal).
Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution.
Highway Planning: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements
Traffic Engineering: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.
Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.
How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017
Strategy to crack Civil Engineering in GATE-2017
Syllabus analysis is very important for any competitive exam and same with the GATE exam. One should have an idea of which topics to Grab and make them strong point and which topics to skip. No doubt preparations and knowledge are two different things. You need to analyze what exam wants from you rather what you know about civil engineering. The exam wants prepared student instead of knowledgeable student. This helps in selective study to prepare of exam in a leisurely manner. Here are some strategies to have a crux on preparation and How to Prepare Civil Engineering for GATE-2017 examination. Therefore, amalgamating these strategies will make preparation smooth and mellifluous.
1) First of all go through the detailed syllabus of Civil Engineering and mark the subjects with more weightage based on previous years analysis. Select the subjects to prepare accordingly and make an analysis of priority of subjects
2) Most Noteworthy is that the focus should be more on core subjects. For Civil Engineering, Structural Engineering, Geo technical Engineering, Construction Engineering &Management are must for any Civil engineering aspirant. These subjects carry more than 50% of Weight age of Technical Subjects of Civil Engineering.
Based on analysis the Priority of Subjects should be –
- Structural Engineering
- Geo technical Engineering
- Construction Engineering &Management
- Transportation Engineering
3) If you are preparing in self study mode then First of all Prepare good notes by using Standard textbooks like or get enrolled in good coaching if self study is not possible at this moment.
4) Remember the most important part of preparation is “Previous Years Questions” . It is mandatory to Practice the previous year questions even though the concepts are clear. The frequency should increase with upcoming of exam and practice as much as possible. This will nourish your preparation and will help you get an Idea of level of Questions asked in the exam .
5) Simultaneously make a short list for Various Formulae which are frequently asked in the technical section.
6) Also practising Mock Tests periodically is another important pillar of preparation. Do stick to a good test series. This garnishes our preparation and helps to experience Real time exam mode.
7) Consistent and regular revision of technical subjects help in comprehending the subjects quickly.
Best of Luck of Exams!!