Philosophy Optional strategy by UPSC topper

May 7 • IAS, UPSC • 2178 Views • No Comments on Philosophy Optional strategy by UPSC topper

Philosophy Optional strategy by UPSC topper

Philosophy Optional is one of the renowned subjects among the IAS candidates and it is opted by nearly thousands every year. Check out why Philosophy optional is so special for the UPSC students. Also ready the Philosophy Optional strategy by UPSC toppers like  Athar Aamir Ul Shafi Khan, Juhi Jalota, Garima Agrawal, Hemant K. Singh and more.

Topic wise Philosophy Optional strategy by UPSC topper

  • Prior to the discussion  of Philosophy Optional strategy by UPSC toppers, here are certain things that you need to follow for a better preparation and performance in the UPSC Mains.
  • Practice is the key to master any skill so is Philosophy Optional and take several test series constantly.
  • Once you have enough practice and skill, you can complete the exam within time and you will know about the time allocation for each and every chapter in Philosophy Optional.
  • All you have to do is, search for the best coaching institute for IAS exams and enroll in it as soon as possible. We have listed out some of the finest IAS academies in and around your city, just check it out below.
  • Coming back to the preparations, make use of the previous year question papers to gather the important questions that are repeatedly asked over the years.

Paper I Philosophy Optional Strategy


  •  Indian Philosophy
  • Western Philosophy

Topic wise weight-age in Indian Philosophy

  • Aurobindo
  • Schools of Vedanta
  • Mimamsa
  • Yoga
  • Samkhya
  • Nyaya Vaisheshika
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism
  • Carvaka

Books to refer

  • ‘A Critical Survey of Indian Philosophy’ by CD Sharma
  •  ‘An Introduction to Indian Philosophy’ by Datta and Chatterjee.
  •  Dr. S Radhakrishnan’s two volumes on Indian Philosophy

Things to do

  • While answering the questions under this topic, remember to furnish the Sanskrit words in a proper manner.
  • Try compiling your western thoughts and Indian philosophy for innovative answers.

Topic wise weight-age in Western Philosophy

  • Quine and Strawson
  • Existentialism
  • Phenomenology
  • Later Wittgenstein
  • Logical Positivism
  • Moore, Russell
  • Hegel
  • Kant
  • Empiricism
  • Rationalism
  • Plato and Aristotle

Books to refer

  •  ‘A Critical History of Western Philosophy’ by Y Masih
  •  ‘A History of Philosophy’ by Frank Thilly.
  •  ‘Introduction to Western Philosophy’ by Donald Palmer

Things to do

  • Make use of the internet for a better preparation and earn wise knowledge to answer in a proper manner.
  • This part can be considered as the nitty-gritty of the Philosophy optional syllabus and you need to study in-depth.

Paper II Philosophy Strategy

Section of Part II

  •  Socio-Political Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Religion.

Topic wise weight-age in Socio-Political Philosophy

  • Caste Discrimination
  • Gender Discrimination
  • Development and Social Progress
  • Crime and Punishment
  • Humanism, Secularism
  • Political Ideologies
  • Forms of Government
  • Individual and State
  • Sovereignty
  • Social and Political

Books to refer

‘Social and Political Philosophy’ by OP Gauba.

Things to do

  • You will actually have general topics in this section and some overlapping of subjects can also be found then and there.
  • First, comprehend the question and commence furnishing your answer
  • You need to know about the basic point of this question and then try to link with great philosopher’s words.


Weight-age Philosophy of Religion


  • Nature of Religious Language
  • Religious Pluralism
  • Religion and Morality
  • Religion without God
  • Religious Experience
  • Reason, Revelation and Faith
  • Soul
  • Problem of Evil
  • Proofs for the Existence of God
  • Notions of God

Books to refer

  •  ‘Introduction to Religious Philosophy’ by Y Masih
  • ‘Philosophy of Religion’ by John Hick.

Check out the writing tips for philosophy optional strategy by UPSC topper

  • While writing answers, ensure that you finish it without any delay. It is very essential to explain thing precisely but more than that, giving equal importance to questions are also required.
  • Doing so will let you create a structure of patter for furnishing your answers and you don’t have to toil by thinking of the pattern to write the answers for each question. It is always suggested to write the answers with intro and wrap up with a conclusion.


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