UPSC Mains Exam Syllabus 2020-21: Political Science
Paper – I
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Political Theory and Indian Politics:
1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
2. Theories of state : Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluiralist, post-colonial and Feminist.
3. Justice : Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
4. Equality : Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
5. Rights : Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; Concept of Human Rights.
6. Democracy : Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy—representative, participatory and deliberative.
7. Concept of power : hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
8. Political Ideologies : Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
9. Indian Political Thought: Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist Traditions; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M. K. Gandhi, B. R. Ambedkar, M. N. Roy
10. Western Political Thought : Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, John S. Mill, Marx, Gramsci, Hannah Arendt.
Indian Government and Politics:
1. Indian Nationalism:
(a) Political Strategies of India’s Freedom Struggle : Constitutionalism to mass Satyagraha, Non-cooperation, Civil Disobedience; Militant and Revolutionary Movements, Peasant and Workers Movements.
(b) Perspectives on Indian National Movement; Liberal, Socialist and Marxist; Radical Humanist and Dalit.
2. Making of the Indian Constitution :
Legacies of the British rule; different social and political perspectives.
3. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution : The Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles; Parliamentary System and Amendment Procedures; Judicial Review and Basic Structure doctrine.
4. (a) Principal Organs of the Union Government :
Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and Supreme Court.
(b) Principal Organs of the State Government :
Envisaged role and actual working of the Executive, Legislature and High Courts.
5. Grassroots Democracy :
Panchayati Raj and Municipal Government; Significance of 73rd and 74th Amendments; Grassroot movements
6. Statutory Institutions/Commissions:
Election Commission, Comptroller and Auditor General, Finance Commission, Union Public Service Commission, National Commission for Scheduled Castes, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes, National Commission for Women; National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Minorities, National Backward Classes Commission.
Constitutional provisions; changing nature of center-state relations; integrationist tendencies and regional aspirations; inter-state disputes.
8. Planning and Economic Development :
Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives; Role of planning and public sector; Green Revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations; liberalization and economic reforms.
9. Rank, Religion and Ethnicity in Indian Politics.
10. Party System:
National and regional political parties, ideological and social bases of parties; Patterns of coalition politics; Pressure groups, trends in electoral behavior; changing socio-economic profile of Legislators.
11. Social Movements:
Civil liberties and human rights movements; women’s movements; environmentalist movements.
UPSC Political Science & IR 2020-21: Paper II
Relative Politics and International Relations
Relative Political Analysis and International Politics:
1. Comparative Politics:
Nature and major approaches; Political economy and political sociology perspectives; Limitations of the comparative method.
2. State in Comparative point of view:
Characteristics and changing nature of the State in capitalist and socialist economies, and advanced industrial and developing societies.
3. Politics of Representation and Participation:
Political parties, pressure groups and social movements in advanced industrial and developing societies
Responses from developed and developing societies.
5. Approaches to the Study of International Relations:
Idealist, Realist, Marxist, Functionalist and Systems theory.
6. Key conceptss in International Relations:
National interest, security and power; Balance of power and deterrence; Transnational actors and collective security; World capitalist economy and globalization.
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7. Changing International Political Order:
(a) Rise of super powers; Strategic and ideological Bipolarity, arms race and cold war; Nuclear threat;
(b) Non-aligned Movement : Aims and achievements.
(c) Collapse of the Soviet Union; Unipolarity and American hegemony; Relevance of non-alignment in the contemporary world.
8. Evolution of the International Economic System:
From Brettonwoods to WTO; Socialist economies and the CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance); Third World demand for new international economic order; Globalization of the world economy.
9. United Nations:
Envisaged role and actual record; Specialized UN agencies—aims and functioning; need for UN reforms.
10. Regionalisation of World Politics:
EU, ASEAN, APEC, SAARC, NAFTA.
11. Contemporary Global Concerns:
Democracy, human rights, environment, gender justice terrorism, nuclear proliferation.
India and the World:
1. Indian Foreign Policy:
Determinants of foreign policy; the institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
2. India’s Contribution to the Non-Alignment Movement Different phases; Current role.
3. India and South Asia:
(a) Regional Co-operation : SAARC-past performance and future prospects.
(b) South Asia as a Free Trade Area.
(c) India’s “Look East” policy.
(d) Impediments to regional co-operation : River water disputes; illegal cross border migration; Ethnic conflicts and insurgencies; Border disputes.
4. India and the Global South:
Relations with Africa and Latin America; Leadership role in the demand for NIEO and WTO negotiations.
5. India and the Global Centers of Power:
USA, EU, Japan, China and Russia.
6. India and the UN System:
Role in UN Peace-keeping; Demand for Permanent Seat in the Security Council.
7. India and the Nuclear Question:
Changing perceptions and policy.
8. Recent developments in Indian Foreign Policy :
India’s position on the recent crises in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, growing relations with US and Israel; Vision of a new world order.