Agricultural engineering is the engineering that is applied on engineering science and technology to agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering combines the disciplines of animal biology, plant biology and mechanical, civil, electrical and chemical engineering principles with knowledge of agricultural principles. Some of the
Specialties of agricultural engineers include:
- Design of agricultural machinery, equipment, and agricultural structures.
- Internal combustion engines as applied to agricultural machinery.
- Agricultural resource management (including land use and water use).
- water management, conservation, and storage for crop irrigation and livestock production
- surveying and land profiling
- climatology and atmospheric science
- soil management and conservation, including erosion and erosion control
- seeding, tillage, harvesting and processing of crops
- livestock production, including poultry, fish, and dairy animals
- waste management, including animal waste, agricultural residues, and fertilizer runoff
- food engineering and the processing of agricultural products
- basic principles of electricity, applied to electrical motors
- physical and chemical properties of materials used in, or produced by, agricultural production
- bioresource, which uses machines on the molecular level to help the environment.
A candidate aspiring for career in agricultural engineering must complete his/her +2 Science with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and/or Biology. Most agricultural institutes/universities conduct entrance examination for admission to BE/B.Tech program in agricultural engineering. Some may consider the marks obtained in + 2 qualifying examination for selection.
For doing ME/M.Tech programs in agricultural engineering one should have completed BE/B.Tech in the same discipline. For this purpose, one needs to qualify the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) examination.
There are excellent career opportunities in Agricultural sector for engineering graduates in India. The profession is now far from the traditional perception of the people towards agriculture. Agricultural engineering graduates have ample options in their hand.
Apart from joining manufacturing industries they can also opt for water resource management, forestry, mining and rehabilitation, food processing, urban and rural development, machine development and many more. Agricultural engineers can also work in NGOs under various schemes and projects.
They are now working as specialists in private consultancies, large corporations, government and non-government organizations, and some have become engineering managers of large farms or estates.
Sectors where agricultural engineers find employment
- Public Sector
- Private Sector
- Department of Agriculture (State as well as central government)
- Development organizations
- Agricultural co-operatives
- Manufacturers of agricultural equipment
- Fertilizer and irrigation companies
- Farming companies
- Industry service organizations such as the sugar industry
Remuneration of agricultural engineers is not less than engineers of other branches. A fresh graduate of agricultural engineering can expect a salary of between Rs 10,000 and Rs 15,000 per month at the entry level. Also, after three or four years experience on good projects one can earn up to 30000 per month. There are n limitations for the right person who is sincere and have the caliber to progress in this field.
- Allahabad Agricultural Institute, Allahabad, UP
- Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, WB
- G. B. Pant Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Pantnagar, UA
- Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
- Orissa Univ. of Agri. & Tech., Bhubaneshwar
- Rajasthan Agricultural University, Udaipur
- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana
- J. N. Krishi Vishwa Vidhyalaya, Jabalpur, MP
- M. P. Krishi Vishwavidhyalaya, Rahuri, Maharashtra
- P. D. Krishi Vidhyapeeth, Akola, Maharashtra
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
- Dr. B. S. K. Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, Maharashtra
- A.N.G.R. Agricultural University, Bapatla, AP
- Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, Bihar
- Gujarat Agricultural University, Junagarh
- Kerala Agricultural University, Tavanur
- Marathwada Krishi Vidhyapeeth, Parbhani, Maharashtra
- Haryana Agricultural University, Hissar
- University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, Karnataka
- N. E. Reg. Inst. of Sci. & Tech., Nirjuli, Arunachal Pradesh
- M. G. Gramodaya Vishwavidhyalaya, Chitrakoot
- C. S. A. University of Agriculture & Tech., Etawah
- Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tiruchirapalli
- B. C. Krishi Viswavidhyalaya, Mohanpur, WB
- CCS University Campus Meerut, Uttar Pradesh