Anthropology is the study of science which deals with the origin of human species and also includes the social, cultural, physical growth and behavior of mankind. Additionally, it also includes study of human behavior at different stages if life and focuses on cultural diversity of humans living at the same point of time in different parts of the world in diverse environments.
Anthropology is the study of humanity. It deals with everything that is a part of human experience, from evolutionary origin to social and cultural setups. The term has come from a Greek word “anthropos” meaning “man” and “logia” meaning “study”.It is also concerned with how social relations among humans are organized, who were the ancestors of modern Homo Sapiens, what are the characteristics of human traits, how humans behave, why are there differences among different groups of humans, how has the evolutionary past of human beings influenced the social and cultural organizations and so on.
Anthropology originated in the colonial encounter between Western people and colonized Non-Western people, as Europeans tried to understand the origin of cultural diversity. Today it is a global discipline which studies the past and present of mankind. To understand fully the cultures across all of the human history, anthropology draws and builds knowledge from social and biological sciences as well as humanities and physical sciences. The central concern of anthropologists is the application of knowledge to the solving human problems.
For admission into Bachelor’s degree program a student must pass higher secondary education or 10+2 with Biology as a subject and a minimum of 50% marks from any university/institution with duration of 3 years program.
For admission into Master’s degree a student must have a Bachelor’s degree in the relevant subject and the duration of the program is 2 years.
Specializations offered under Anthropology are:-
- Applied Anthropology
- Business Anthropology
- Physical Anthropology
- Socio-Cultural Anthropology
- Linguistic Anthropology
- Forensic Anthropology
- Prehistoric Anthropology
- Medical Anthropology
- Visual Anthropology
Those who want to pursue a career in this subject have multiple career options. Anthropological Survey of India is the major recruiter of anthropologists in the country both at the central and the state levels. Several government research institutes also employ anthropologists.
Even international agencies like UNICEF, UNESCO and WHO also recruit anthropologists to carry out research activities. Other sectors where anthropologists can be employed are art galleries, curators, publishing houses, NGO’s, archives, museums and libraries.
Few job sectors under anthropology
- Neural Sciences
- Public Health
- Cognitive Psychology
- Anthropology Departments
For freshers the pay package ranges between 8,000 to 12,000 per month.
Institutes offering Anthropology:-
- Amity Institute of Anthropology- AIA-N- Noida
- Andhra University of Arts and Commerce- Andhra Pradesh
- Bangabasi College- West Bengal
- Bastar Vishwavidyalaya- Chattisgarh
- Bidhannagar College- Kolkata
- Chitamber college of Humanities and Social Sciences Allahabad-CSHSS A-Allahabad
- College of Humanities, Social Sciences, Arts culture- Allahabad
- D.H.S Kanoi College -Assam
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