Aquaculture is also known as Aqua farming, which is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish aquatic plants and so on. It involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions and is differentiated with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Mariculture refers to Aquaculture practiced in marine environment and underwater habitats.
Recent surveys said that the global aquaculture operations would supply one half of the fish and shellfish which is directly consumed by humans. Although we cannot say that figures are exactly reliable. Additionally, products made of many pounds of wild fish are used in producing one pound of a fishes like salmon.
Particular kinds of aquaculture includes fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, algaculture and the cultivation of ornamental fish. Particular methods include aquaponics and integrated multi-tropic aquaculture, both of which integrates fish farming and plant farming.According to the frequently asked questions in reports Aquaculture is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish and other aquatic plants. Farming of intervening the process to increase the production of fished like regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators etc. It implies that individual or corporate ownership of the stock is being cultivated.
For admissions into bachelors degree the candidate must have passed the higher secondary school certificate (10+2) examination with science subject such as( Biology, Maths, Physics and Chemistry.) The duration of the course is 3 years.
The eligibility for studying aquaculture for most of these is the study of science till class 12 in school. Most institutes also make it mandatory to have studied biology till class 12. However it is best to check with individual institutes to see what their requirements are. The cut offs for these institutes vary from institute to institute. Whether one needs to appear for any of the competitive exams or whether the school leaving exam is sufficient depends on the institute.
Aquaculture presents a growing industry. It is still in its early stages in India and there is a lot of scope for development. The prospects and opening for fish stocks are large.One can find employment in fish farms in the areas of design, construction and management. The CFTRI Biology department, Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR) and MPEDA are all encouraging and boosting the aquaculture industry in India.
Aquaculture is a viable career option. For teachers the salary is as per the UGC guidelines. For research fellow, the salary is 8,000 per month, for professors it goes up to 25,000 per month. Farming supervisors can get a salary between Rs 15,000 to Rs 25,000. For entrepreneurs the returns are not defined but the scope is huge.
Institutes offering this course
Colleges offering Bachelor’s degree are
- College of Fishery Roha Nagaon- Assam
- Agriculture University, Jorhat – Assam
- College of Fishery Pusa Rajendra – Bihar
- Agriculture University Sabour- Bihar
- College of Fisheries, Vellanikkara- Kerala
Institutes offering Master’s degree are
- Department of Industrial Fisheries, Cochin University Kochi- Kerala
Institutes offering Master’s courses in Mariculture are
- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Cochin – Kerala
Institutes offering Diploma courses
- Cental Institute of Fisheries Education – Mumbai
- Indira Gandhi National Open University
- Shark Processing Integrated Fisheries Project Cochin- Kerala
- Mate Fishing Vessel Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training Cochin – Kerala
For more information about science colleges in India click
Please help us by providing your feedback in the comments below.