Archaeology refers to the combination of two words “ archaios” and “logos” which means ancient things and the theory of science. Archaeology deals with the study about past civilizations. This study is done by analysis and documentation, recovery of historical materials and historical data like landscapes and bio- facts. Hence, archaeology is of greater importance in conservation of monuments and town planning.
Archaeology is a perfect career for those people who derive self- satisfaction in discovering a part of history and culture long lost in the dust of time. This as a career is very much in demand since archaeologists have to spend infinite hours and days camping and undertaking field work laboratories and in excavation sites. An archaeologist therefore must have the patience to work on a project that may take months and even years to complete.
Those who want to pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Archaeology should have studied history as a subject in 10+2
For degree or post graduate diploma courses in archaeology one should have completed graduation in any discipline. However, graduates in social sciences like sociology, history, anthropology are given preference.
- Diploma courses in Archaeology
- M.A. (Ancient Indian History and Archaeology)
- Post- Graduate Diploma in Archaeology
Some specializations in Archaeology are
- Historical Archaeology
- Ethno archaeology
- Experimental Archaeology
The Archaeology Survey of India is a major recruiter of archaeologists in the country both at centre and state level. Students who are eligible can apply for suitable positions with (ASI) after qualifying the examinations conducted by the UPSC) or by the (SPSC).
One can also apply for lectureship after acquiring the required degree in various universities/ institutes, for this they have to appear for Junior Research Fellow. After qualifying JRF one has a choice to go for Doctorate degree in capacity of a paid research fellow.
Jobs are offered in both government and private sector museums for the safe upkeep and management of museum artifacts, so career is secure.
After qualifying JRF exam and all the eligibility criteria one can start earning, a junior research fellow gets 8,000 per months for a duration of 2 years and after becoming a senior fellow he gets a hike. A lecturer gets about 20,000 a month whereas a professor gets even more. The basic pay of one as an assistant archaeologist after getting in Archeological Survey of India is between 10,000 to 15,000 per month. The monthly salary of the Director General of ASI is around 30,000.
Institutes of Archaeology as a course
- Arts College- Kerala
- Awadhesh Pratap Singh College of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology- Madhya Pradesh
- Awadhesh Pratap Singh University – MadhyaPradesh
- Deccan College Post Graduate & Research Institute – Pune
- Delhi Institute of Heritage and Management- New Delhi
- Institute of Arcaheology , Archaeological Survey of India- New Delhi
- Institute of Rajasthan Studies- Rajasthan
- Kanya Gurukul Mahavidyalaya- Uttrakhand
- Karnataka University Dharwad (KUD) – Karnataka