About Blood Cancer

May 29 • Medical Notes • 4014 Views • No Comments on About Blood Cancer

About Blood Cancer

Blood Cancer is the disease in which the normal blood cell development is hindered by growth of an abnormal type of blood cells. These abnormal cells will grow uncontrollably and leads to the prevention of certain blood functions like fighting with infections, and clotting etc.

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There are various types of blood cancers:

Leukemia: In this type of cancer rapid growth of abnormal white blood cells occur which leads to the impairment of bone marrow in producing red blood cells. Also these white blood cells wont able to fight with infections in our body.

Leukemia

Leukemia

Lymphoma: Lymphatic system removes excess fluid from our body. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cells which immune the body from infections. Abnormal lymphocyte cells multiply in big numbers and collect in lymph nodes and in a duration of time impair the immune system.

Lymphoma cancer cells

Lymphoma cancer cells

Myeloma: This blood cancer attacks on plasma cells of body. Plasma cells are WBCs that produce antibodies that fights with diseases and infections and provide immunity. The myeloma cells suppress the production of antibodies and make human body open to diseases and infections.

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SYMPTOMS OF BLOOD CANCER:

Leukemia:

Anemia, weakness and extreme fatigue.

Extreme sweat and breath shortness in performing regular daily activities

High WBC count

Swelling of the lymph nodes

Symptoms of Leukemia

Symptoms of Leukemia

Lymphoma:

  • Swollen lymphatic nodes
  • Loss of weight and appetite
  • Fever
  • Sudden bouts of chill and night sweating
  • Coughing,fullness of abdomen and extreme fatigue.
  • Itching, nausea and food aversion
Lymphoma cancer

Lymphoma cancer

Myeloma:

  • Fatigue
  • Painful back
  • Susceptibility to infection, breath shortness
  • Chest pain
  • Abnormal levels of plasma cells in blood

PREVENTION:

Biological Therapy: In this therapy,treatment is performed such that therapy assists body to fight with cancer itself. Though it may lead to some other diseases due to side-effects but those can be treated by proper medication. Body gains strength by fighting against diseases.

Chemotherapy: This therapy treats cancer cells by using chemicals. Chemicals can be injected in veins or in spinal fluid or can be take by mouth. The chemicals destroy cancer cells but along with them also destroys healthy cells which leads to various side-effects:

  • Hair loss
  • Sickness and tiredness
  • Vomiting
  • Sores in mouth
  • Infertility

Induction Therapy: Induction therapy is a combination of chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and steroids.

Radiation Therapy:  Rays are directed towards the part affected with cancer or over whole body which destroys cancer cells. There are several side effects which vary as per the part exposed to radiation. Most of the side effects are temporary.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy

Stem Cell Transplantation: Due to extensive cell destruction stem cell transplantation technology is used. Healthy stem cells are transplanted to the patient which is suffering from cancer. These stem cells produce healthy blood cells. Patient is monitored for long time to ensure that the body cells of patient will not fight with stem cell cells.

stem cell transplantation

stem cell transplantation

Targeted Therapy: This therapy is used to prevent the expansion of cancer from one body part to another. This is done by suppressing the growth by using medicines. This may cause cause some side effects such as rash, swelling, muscle cramps, bloating, weight gain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

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