Mobility management

May 22 • Notes • 1568 Views • 4 Comments on Mobility management


This Article describes mobility management for the third-generation mobile network .focus is given  on the evolution from General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) to Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS). In this evolution, the   UTRAN radio access network which has been introduced, and radio-related managements moved from the core network to UTRAN. We elaborate on how this architecture change the affects the mobility which  management functionality, including the attach &  location update, detach procedures, serving relocation of radio network controller  and intersystem change between GPRS and UMTS.

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The dynamic Hierarchical Mobility Management Strategy for Mobile IP Networks :

1 of the major challenges for the wireless network

design is the efficient in management the  mobility , which can be

addressed globally (macromobility) and locally (micromobility).

Mobile Internet protocol (IP) is a commonly accepted standard

to address global mobility of mobile hosts (MHs). It requires

the MHs to register with the home agents (HAs) whenever

their care-of change the addresses . However such registrations may

cause excessive signaling traffic and delay in long service . To solve

this problem, the hierarchical mobile IP (HMIP) protocol was

proposed to the employ the hierarchy of foreign agents FAs and the

gateway FAs that is GFAs  to localize registration operations. However,

the  performance of the system is critically affected by the selection of

GFAs and their reliability.


Concepts of Mobility Management :

In order to track the MSs, the cells (i.e., BTSs/Node Bs) in GPRS/UMTS service area are partitioned into different  groups. To deliver services to an MS, the cells in the group covering the MS will page the MS to establish the  link of the radio. The location change of the MS which is detected . The cells broadcast their  identities cell. The MS periodically listens to the broadcast identity of the cell , and compares it with the cell identity stored buffer in  MS’s . If the comparison indicates that the location which  has been changed, then the MS sends the location update the message to network.

THE CURRENT fast increasing demand for wireless access to the Internet applications which is fueled by the remarkable success of the wireless communication networks and  explosive growth of the Internet. The future generation wireless networks target to provide users with high-speed Internet access and multimedia services besides voice. possible for mobile users to access the Internet applications that are predominantly based on Internet protocol.


Dynamic Location Update Schemes :

•Time Based : A mobile terminal updates in every T time units

•Movement-Based: A mobile terminal counts the number of boundary crossings and performs the update when a threshold is exceeded  example  M=6

–Forwarding the  pointers may  be considered as a variation of it

•Distance Based : A mobile terminal tracks the distance (in terms of RAs) it has moved since the last update

–Update is performed when the  distance threshold is exceeded

–The mobile terminal needs some knowledge of the network topology

–Local Anchor can be considered as a variation of it.



Q1: What are the 2 important points to ensure constant connectivity ?

Ans : 1. Infrastructure management that connects two or more cells or networks.

2. Location management and registration management by handoff when mobile devices move from one cell to another cell.

Q2: how can we improve The performance of the DHMIP scheme.

Ans: It  can be improved  by the IP paging and loop removal

Q3: Explain  Replicating Location Information based on Hierarchical Organization ?

Ans: This is A tree of location registrars:

–A location registrar (LR) that is a leaf node in the tree has information on all the mobile users in its RA

–A non-leaf LR replicates location information in all the location registrars in the subtree rooted to it.

–The root registrar in the tree has information on all the mobile users in the system.

Q4: What is  Mobile Terminal Paging ?

Ans: A process by which the network determines the exact location of a particular mobile terminal

•Polling cycle or search iteration:

–Polling signals sent over a downlink control channel where the mobile terminal is likely to be

–If a reply is received before a timeout, the polling ends; otherwise, a new group of cells is chosen

–A call is dropped when the mobile terminal is not located within an allowable time constraint

–“  the maximum paging delay” is the maximum number of polling cycles allowed to locate a mobile terminal

•The Paging cost is proportional to  number of polling cycles as well as  number of cells polled in each cycle .

Q5:What is the full form of BTS ?

Ans: BTS is  Base Transceiver Station.



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4 Responses to Mobility management

  1. Prabhat Saxena says:

    Mobility management is one of the major functions of a GSM or a UMTS network that allows mobile phones to work. The aim of mobility management is to track where the subscribers are, allowing calls, SMS and other mobile phone services to be delivered to them.Go to this above article for betterment.

  2. Fauzia Neshat says:

    the articles describes the mobility managenent and it contains the complete descripotion about the topic which is understable by anyone.. and it also contains the questions about the mobiliy management which are really helpful.

  3. Dinesh says:

    This article is very easily understandable for anyone
    these pictures show the concept clearly, any one can get information about the mobility management clearly

  4. patlakshi Jha says:

    This article contains the description and information about the mobility management . This could be very useful for the ones who wants to know about it in detail or for those who haven’t known this for long.

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