Ques 1 What is “supercomputer” ?
ans – A supercomputer is a category of computer that performs at highest operational rate. A supercomputer is used for scientific and engineering applications that must handle very large databases or do a great amount of computation.
Ques 2 Who designed first supercomputer ?
ans – Seymour Cray
Ques 3 Name top four countries having fastest supercomputer ?
ans – 1) United states of america – TITAN
4) India- PARAM Series
Ques 4 Name some fields where supercomputer is used ?
ans – These are some fields –
1 )quantum physics
2) weather forecasting
3) climate research
4) oil and gas exploration
5) molecular modeling
6) computing the structures and properties of chemical compounds, biological macromolecules, polymers, and crystals
7) physical simulations (such as simulation of airplanes in wind tunnels
8) simulation of the detonation of nuclear weapons
9) research into nuclear fusion
Ques 5 Is the supercomputer an issue of nation pride ?
ans – Throughout their early history, supercomputers remained in the province of large government agencies and government-funded institutions. The production of supercomputers was small, and their export was carefully controlled, since they were used in critical nuclear weapons research. They were also a source of national pride, symbolic of technical leadership.
Ques 6 Name some operating systems used in supercomputer ?
1) Chippewa Operating System
5) Magic Cube
Ques 7 Mention some charcteristic features of supercomputer ?
ans – Some characteristics of supercomputer are-
1) Numerous high-performance processors for parallel processing
2) Specially-designed high-speed interconnects (internal networks)
3) Specially-designed or tuned operating systems
Ques 8 Tell something about Indian supercomputer ?
ans – PARAM is a series of supercomputers designed and assembled by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in Pune, India.
The latest machine in the series is the PARAM Yuva.Some of computers in this series are-
1) PARAM 8000
2) PARAM 8600
3) PARAM 9900/SS
4) PARAM 10000
5) PARAM Padma
6) PARAM Yuva
Ques 9 What are the changes obsevered in utilization of supercomputer in different decades ?
ans – These are the changes with their decades-
1970 -Weather forecasting, aerodynamic research
1980 -Probabilistic analysis,radiation shielding modeling.
1990 -nuclear test
2010 -Molecular Dynamics Simulation
Ques 10 What are varoius factors effecting the performance of operating system specific for supercomputers ?
1) lightweight kernel
2) job scheduling
3) multi tasking
4) parallel computing