Important Questions on Microwave Engineering

Jan 12 • Resources • 53013 Views • 32 Comments on Important Questions on Microwave Engineering


Ques 1. What is Microwave Engineering?
Ans. Microwave engineering is the study and design of microwave circuits , components , and systems. Fundamental principles are applied to analysis , design and measurement techniques in this field.The short wavelengths involved distinguish this discipline from electronic engineering . This is because there are different interactions with circuits, transmissions and propagation characteristics at microwave frequencies.

Ques 2. Define s-matrix and its properties?
Ans. In a microwave junction there is an interaction of three or more components.There will be an output port, in addition there may be reflection from the junction of other ports. Totally there may be many combination, these are represented easily using a matrix called S matrix.
Properties of s- matrix
1. it possess symmetric properties sij=sji
2. it possess unitary property
3. [s][s]*=[i]


Microwave Components

Ques 3. Write the applications of microwave engineering?
Ans. Following are the applications of microwave engineering-
1. Antenna gain is proportional to the electrical size of the antenna. At higher frequencies, more antenna gain is therefore possible for a given physical antenna size, which has important consequences for implementing miniaturized microwave systems.
2. More bandwidth can be realized at higher frequencies. Bandwidth is critically important because available frequency bands in the electromagnetic spectrum are being rapidly depleted.
3. Microwave signals travel by line of sight are not bent by the ionosphere as are lower frequency
signals and thus satellite and terrestrial communication links with very high capacities are possible.

Ques 4. Why is s-matrix used in MW analysis?
Ans. Matrix is used in MW analysis to overcome the problem which occurs when H,Y & Z parameter are used in high frequencies.

Ques 5. What are the advantages of ABCD matrix?
Ans. The advantages of ABCD matrix are as follows-
1. They are used in power transmission lines
2. They are helpful in case of cascade networks.

microwave filters

microwave lab components

Ques 6. What are junctions ? Give some example
Ans. A microwave circuit consists of several microwave devices connected in some way to achieve the desired transmission of MW signal. The interconnection of two or more microwave may be regarded as MW junction.

Ques 7. What are non-reciprocal devices ?Give two examples?
Ans. The devices which are having the properties that the forward characteristics are not equal to the reverse characteristics are called non-reciprocal devices.

Ques 8. What are the applications of reflex klystron?
Ans. The main applications of a reflex klystron are as follows-
1. Signal source in MW generator
2. Local oscillators in receivers
3. It is used in FM oscillator in low power MW links.
4. In parametric amplifier as pump source.

Ques 9. What is the purpose of slow wave structures used in TWT amplifiers?
Ans. Slow wave structures are special circuits that are used in microwave tubes to reduce wave velocity in a certain direction so that the electron beam and the signal wave can interact. In TWT, since the beam can be accelerated only to velocities that are about a fraction of the velocity of light, slow wave structures are used.

MIcrowave Communication

TWT Amplifier

Ques 10.Give two examples for two port junctions.
Ans. Following are the two examples of two port junctions-
1. The junction of two rectangular guides of unequal height
2. A symmetrical junction consisting of two similar rectangular guides joined by an Intermediate guide of greater width.

Download the above questions with their answers to practice for your technical interviews or exams in pdf here QUESTIONS ON MICROWAVE ENGINEERING WITH ANSWERS Pdf
Also get RF and Microwave Engineering unit wise question bank in pdf RF AND MICROWAVE ENGINEERING Question Bank Pdf

Please write your suggestions and ideas if any in the comment section below this post and help us in making it more easy for you.

Related Links-
Microwave Frequency Control
Microwave source: Klystron

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32 Responses to Important Questions on Microwave Engineering

  1. Anonymous says:
  2. Anonymous says:
  3. babu says:

    electrical engineering

  4. noha says:


  5. Nandakumar says:

    i need full material of microwave engineering.

    • Saira Khan says:

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  6. Nandakumar says:

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  7. Nandakumar says:

    i need full material of microwave engineering.

  8. Nandakumar says:
  9. M.Hima Bindu says:

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  10. M.Hima Bindu says:

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  11. M.Hima Bindu says:

    I need RF&MW viva objective questions.Will u please provide me

  12. Anonymous says:
  13. nawaal ul rahman says:
  14. siva rama krishna says:

    Drift current

  15. siva rama krishna says:

    Drift current

  16. siva rama krishna says:

    Drift current

  17. Sujata Rajiv Patil says:

    need oral questions for microwave

  18. Dasun Sameera says:


  19. Dasun Sameera says:


  20. Dasun Sameera says:


  21. sachin Yadav says:

    Important questions for microwave Radar Engineering

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  23. Sweta Kandpal says:

    Hello sir/madam, I am an Electronics and communication engineer, how to choose a best field for our career?

  24. abuthahir says:

    Why does all the microwave satellites that were created initially used only for global or national scale rather than for city scale?

  25. Akash Dewanjee says:

    Microwave Communication Engineering Interview Question.

  26. jony sneha priya says:

    what are the important topics i could cover in microwave engineering..?
    my syllabus was r13,3rd year,ece branch

  27. raghavendra singh says:

    i want frequently asked questions in rf and microwave engineering

  28. Fawad ali says:

    Please somebody help me related Microwave engineer basic practical interview questions?

  29. kamalpreet kaur says:

    Btech(ECE) want to know about the whole process of microwave link

  30. Vipin Sahu says:

    This article helps in gaining information regarding MICROWAVE ENGINEERING especially for electronics and electrical branch students. As we all know microwave engineering is very important for competitive exams. Go through this article it contain all the concepts of microwave engineering.

  31. Shilpa Ranjan says:

    These are some of the important and introductory microwave engineering questions. this is mainly an electronic subject and taught in final year of engineering. going through this article can be valuable for an add to your knowledge….

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