Uses of Teflon and Properties
What is Teflon?
Teflon was discovered by Roy J. Plunkett (1910-1994) in 1938 and was used as a commercial product in 1946.Scientifically teflon is called polytetrafluroethylene (PTFE). This is a polymer which has repeating chains of –(CF2-CF2)- in it.
Outstanding properties of teflon:-
Uses of Teflon and Properties
1. Chemicals includes ozone,chlorine,acetic acid ammonia,sulphuric acid and hydrochloric acid. The coatings are affected by molten alkali metals and highly reactive fluorinating agents.
2. It is weather and UV resistant
3. It has excellent optical properties
4. It is non stick Very few solid substances can permanently stick to a Teflon coating, where as tacky materials may show some adhesion, almost all substances release easily from the coating.
5. It has outstanding performance at extreme temperatures. Teflon can temporarily withstand temperatures of 260C and cryogenic temperatures of -240C and will then also have the same chemical properties.It has an initial melting point of 342C (+- 10C) temperature.
6. It has low coefficient of friction. Coefficient of friction is the ratio of the force required to make two surfaces slide over each other. A low coefficient of friction equals low resistance and smooth operation. Thus there is no difficulty in sliding one surface against another. The coefficient of friction of Teflon is generally in the range of 0.05 to 0.20, depending on the load, sliding speed, and type of Teflon coating used.
7. Teflon finishes are both hydrophobic and oleophobic, which makes cleanup easier and more thorough.
8. Over many different frequencies, low dissipation factor and high surface resistivity teflon has a high dielectric strength. The high voltage that the insulating material can withstand before it breaks down is its dielectric strength . In addition to it teflon has a low dissipation factor; that is the percentage of electrical energy absorbed and lost when current is applied to an insulating material. A low dissipation factor indicates that the absorbed energy dissipated as heat is low.The high surface resistivity indicates the electrical resistance between opposite edges of an unit square on the surface of an insulating material.
Uses of Teflon:-
The various market applications of Teflon include :
1. In electronics industry it is used on account of its insulation property in wires and system components.Also used because of its outstanding electrical performance and durability.
2. Used for metal finishing, paints and coatings,as flour additives can be added to reduce the wear and tear on load-bearing surfaces. For example in inks and lithographic printing, thermoplastics and molded gears, protective industrial surfaces, lubricants to thicken, sterile packaging, etc.
3. In optical devices, as it can be used as clear coating, requiring a low refractive index and still perform in aggressive chemical environments over a wide range of use temperatures and light waves (UV-IR). For example, it is found in lightweight surgical lamps, photovoltaic cell glazing, etc.
4. In automobiles it finds its uses as airbag systems, fuel hose permeation barrier, fuel system, chassis, brake systems, oil filter, etc.
5. Used as nonstick coating on cooking
devices like pans, oven , tawa as it is nonstick and exceptional performance at high temperatures.
Related questions on Teflon
Q1. What is the scientific name of Teflon?
Ans. Scientifically Teflon is called polytetrafluroethylene (PTFE) and has repeating chains of –(CF2-CF2)- in it.
Q2. Why is Teflon used as a dielectric?
Ans. Teflon has a high dielectric strength over many different frequencies, low dissipation factor and high surface resistivity .It can withstand high voltage before it breaks down.In addition to this teflon has a low dissipation factor; that is the percentage of electrical energy absorbed and lost when current is applied to an insulating material. A low dissipation factor indicates that the absorbed energy dissipated as heat is low, making it a good choice for dielectrics.
Q3. Why is it used in cooking utensils?
Ans. The various benefits of teflon for using it in cooking utensils include its non stick nature, it has high resistance to chemicals, it is oleo-phobic and hydrophobic, and operates well at high temperatures, making it apt to be used in cooking vessels
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